काठमाडौं, २९ वैशाख(ओएनएस) : नेपाल र भियतनामबीच १६ बुँदे सम्झौता भएको छ । भियतनामको औपचारिक भ्रमणमा रहेका प्रधानमन्त्री केपी शर्मा ओली र भियतनामका प्रधानमन्त्रीको उपस्थितिमा शनिबार भियतनामको प्रेसिडेन्सिल हाउसमा द्विपक्षीय सम्झौता भएको हो ।
सम्झौतामा सरकारी र कूटनीतिक राहदानी भएका व्यक्तिलाई एकअर्काको देशमा आवत जावत गर्दा भिसा नचाहिने उल्लेख छ ।
यस्तै भियतनामले नेपाली सामान आयात गर्ने र भियतनामका व्यवसायीले नेपालमा उत्पादनमुलक क्षेत्रमा लगानी गर्ने सहमति भएको छ ।
पर्यटकलाई दुवै देशको भ्रमणका लागि प्रेरित गर्ने, दुवै देशका पार्टी, सरकार, संसदीय संस्था र नागरिकलाई एकअर्का देशमा मैत्रीपूर्ण भ्रमण गराउने सहमति समेत भएको छ ।
दुवै देशले क्षेत्रीय र अन्तर्राष्ट्रिय मुद्दाहरुमा समान धारणा बनाउने, फौजदारी कानूनको कार्यान्वयन तथा अपराधविरुद्ध सहकार्य गर्नका लागि सम्झौता गर्ने सहमति पनि भएको छ ।
उक्त सम्झौतामा नेपालका तर्फबाट परराष्ट्र सचिव शंकरदास वैरागी र भियतनामका तर्फबाट नग्येन क्वयकले हस्ताक्षर गरेका छन् ।
यस्तै व्यापार तथा लागानी संरचनासम्बन्धी सम्झौतामा उद्योग, वाणिज्य तथा आपूर्ति मन्त्रालयका सचिव केदारबहादुर अधिकारी र भियतनामका तर्फबाट त्यहाँको उद्योग मन्त्रालयका उपमन्त्री दाङ आओङ एनले हस्ताक्षर गरेका छन् ।
यस्तो छ सम्झौता
Joint Statement between the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam and the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal issued on the Official Visit to Viet Nam by H.E. K P Sharma Oli, Prime Minister of Nepal
JOINT STATEMENT BETWEEN THE SOCIALIST REPUBLIC OF VIET NAM AND THE FEDERAL DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OFNEPAL
On the Official Visit to Viet Nam by H.E. K P Sharma Oli, Prime Minister of Nepal
(Ha Noi, 11 May 2019)
1. H.E. K P Sharma Oli, Prime Minister of Nepal, paid an official visit to Viet Nam from 9 – 13 May, 2019 at the invitation of H.E. Nguyen Xuan Phuc, Prime Minister of Viet Nam. Prime Minister K P Sharma Oli was accompanied by his spouse Mrs. Radhika Shakya, Minister for Foreign Affairs Hon. Pradeep Kumar Gyawali, Advisors to the Prime Minister, Members of Parliament and high ranking government officials. A business delegation also accompanied the Prime Minister of Nepal.
2. The official welcoming ceremony was solemnly held at the Presidential Palace on 11 May 2019. After the welcoming ceremony, Prime Minister K P Sharma Oli held talks with Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc, met with President of the National Assembly Nguyen Thi Kim Ngan. Prime Minister K P Sharma Oli also addressed the Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics and the Viet Nam – Nepal Business Forum. Prior to the welcoming ceremony, Prime Minister K P Sharma Oli paid floral tribute and deep respect at President Ho Chi Minh’s Mausoleum, and laid a wreath at the Memorial of the Unknown Martyrs and Heroes. Prime Minister K P Sharma Oli will attend and address the United Nations Day of Vesak on 12 May 2019.
3. The official talks were held in a warm, cordial and friendly atmosphere. The two leaders discussed all aspects of the bilateral relations, and exchanged views on regional and international issues of mutual interest. Prime Minister K P Sharma Oli expressed his admiration for President Ho Chi Minh and congratulated Viet Nam on the latter’s tremendous achievements in socio-economic development. Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc expressed his gratitude to Prime Minister K P Sharma Oli for having chosen Viet Nam as his first destination in Southeast Asia since he took office in February 2018, underlining that the first visit of a Nepali Prime Minister to Viet Nam would contribute to strengthening the multifaceted relations between the two countries in the coming days. Prime Minister of Viet Nam congratulated the people of Nepal for the historic political achievement and for its’ unique and homegrown peace process and its institutionalization through a democratic constitution and the formation of a stable government. He lauded Nepal Government’s efforts to bring about visible transformation in the living standard of Nepali people and expressed his best wishes for the realization of the national resolve of ‘Prosperous Nepal, Happy Nepali’. Following the talks, the two leaders witnessed the signing of the Agreement on Visa exemption for diplomatic and official passport holders, the MOU on establishment of bilateral consultation mechanism between the two Ministries of Foreign Affairs and the Letter of Intent on negotiating and signing the framework Agreement on trade and investment cooperation.
4. Both leaders underlined the cultural and historical similarities between their countries, and recognized the importance of Buddhism as a strong binding thread between the peoples of the two countries. The two leaders noted that both Viet Nam and Nepal had to undergo various kinds of struggle to preserve sovereignty, territorial integrity and national independence.
5. Both sides welcomed practical commemorative activities to be held in 2020 for the 45th anniversary of their diplomatic relations. Both sides shared the views that the visit – a key milestone in their relations, would pave the way for a new stage and an enhanced level of cooperation in tourism, trade, investment and people to people contact between the two countries.
6. Acknowledging the remarkable progress in their bilateral relations and on the basis of mutual understanding and trust, the two leaders shared a vision on further widening and deepening the Viet Nam – Nepal traditional friendship across all areas.
7. Recalling their meeting on the sidelines of World Economic Forum in Davos in January 2019, the two leaders agreed to enhance mutual visits and exchanges at the high and all levels, between their political parties, governments, legislative institutions, local bodies and peoples.
8. Both sides welcomed the signing of the Agreement on visa exemption for diplomatic and official passport holders, the MOU on establishment of a bilateral consultation mechanism between their Foreign Ministries, the Letter of Intent on negotiating and signing the framework Agreement on trade and investment cooperation and underlined the importance of those agreements in promoting bilateral relations and cooperation in the years ahead.
9. Both leaders shared the assessment that their bilateral economic and trade cooperation remained far below their potentials and strengths. They welcomed the renewal of the MoU on cooperation between the Viet Nam Chamber of Commerce and Industry (VCCI) and the Nepal Chamber of Commerce (NCC) in April 2018, and tasked their relevant authorities to explore establishment of bilateral economic and trade cooperation mechanisms, encourage their businesses to survey each other’s market and participate in trade promotion activities, particularly in such areas as electric appliances, coffee, tea, seafood, textile, leather footwear and to explore new areas of cooperation, including energy, renewable energy, high-tech agriculture, and tourism.
10. Both leaders agreed to look into proposals of market access for the agricultural products that they held competitive edge, encourage information exchange and cooperation in agricultural science and technical research, and promote exchange of agricultural experts. Recognizing the desire of Nepal to graduate from LDC status at an early date, the Vietnamese side welcomed further imports of Nepali products into Viet Nam’s market and agreed to encourage Vietnamese investors and entrepreneurs to invest in productive sectors in Nepal.
11. Both sides agreed to exchange experience on law enforcement, information on criminals and consider negotiation and signing of agreements in order to create the legal framework for their cooperation in combating crimes and criminal justice, with immediate priority given to the signing of an agreement on crime prevention and combat between the Ministry of Public Security of Viet Nam and the Ministry of Home Affairs of Nepal.
12. The two sides agreed to enhance exchange and cooperation in culture, tourism and people-to-people interaction. Both leaders welcomed the success of the Nepali tourism promotion program in Ho Chi Minh City in March 2019, and agreed to encourage more tourists to each other’s tourist attractions. The Vietnamese side expressed its support to Visit Nepal Year 2020 by sending more tourists to Nepal, including Buddhist pilgrims to Lumbini, the birth place of Buddha and the fountain of Buddhism. Recalling the Memorandum of Arrangement between the aeronautical authorities of Viet Nam and Nepal of 20 October 2015, both sides underlined the need for establishing direct air service between the two countries and instructed the concerned Ministries to conclude an Agreement on Air Services at the earliest to promote trade, investment, tourism and people-to-people contacts. Both leaders commended the effective performance of the Nepal – Viet Nam Research Centre since its inception in November 2018 and agreed to promote establishment of the Viet Nam-Nepal Friendship Association in Ha Noi in the time to come.
13. Both sides agreed to bolster cooperation in other potential areas such as science and technology, information and communication, logistics, and disaster preparedness.
14. Both leaders shared similar views on various regional and international issues of mutual interest. They reiterated the importance of faithfully observing the Charter of the United Nations, principles of international law and norms. They reiterated their resolve to preserve multilateralism and find common solutions to common problems. They further reiterated the need to work together for a just, equitable, inclusive, rules-based and democratic world order.
15. Both Prime Ministers spoke highly of the cooperation between the two countries at regional and international forums, including the United Nations, and agreed to further strengthen this tradition. Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc expressed his gratitude to the Government of Nepal for supporting Viet Nam’s bid to become a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council for the term of 2020-2021.
16. Prime Minister of Nepal K P Sharma Oli expressed his gratitude to Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc and the people of Viet Nam for the warm welcome and gracious hospitality, and extended his cordial invitation to Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc to visit Nepal in the near future. Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc gladly accepted the invitation. The dates of the visit would be worked out through diplomatic channels.